Types of mental health problems

Learning a few things about mental health problems might help you be more kind and to feel more confident to speak up and listen.

Anxiety & Panic Attacks

Anxiety is a normal emotion that we all experience but becomes a mental health problem when someone finds they are feeling this way all or most of the time.

Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder is a diagnosis given to someone who experiences extreme periods of low (depressed) and high (manic) moods.


Depression is a diagnosis given to someone who is experiencing a low mood and who finds it hard or impossible to have fun or enjoy their lives.

Obsessive-compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a mental health diagnosis given to someone who experiences obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviour.

Personality Disorders

If someone has a personality disorder, some aspects of their personality might affect them in a way which makes it very difficult to cope with day to day life, especially when it comes to relationships.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a diagnosis given to people who develop a certain set of symptoms following a traumatic event.


A person experiencing psychosis perceives the world in a different way to those around them. The most common types of psychosis are hallucinations and delusions.


Schizophrenia is a diagnosis given to people who experience symptoms of psychosis, alongside what are called ‘negative symptoms’.

Self Harm

Self-harm is when someone purposely hurts themselves, usually in order to cope with intense emotional distress.